Топики по-английскому на тему «Путешествия»
Modern life is impossible without travelling. Only with the help of travelling you can fulfil your minds, soul with unforgettable emotions, sights and impression. Nowadays travelling has become a highly organized business. There are express trains, huge ships, cars and air‑lines, all of which provide us with comfort security. But all means of travelling have their own advantages and disadvantages.
Many people think that there is nothing thrilling as travel by air. It is more comfortable and convenient and of course far quicker than any other method.. There is more of the dust and dirt of railway and car journey, more of the trouble of changing from train to steamer and then to another train.
Passengers are requested to arrive at the airport two hours before departure time on international flights and an hour domestic flights as there must be enough time to complete the necessary airport formalities. Passengers must register their tickets, weigh and register the luggage. Most airlines have at least two classes of travel, first class and economy class, which is cheaper. Each passenger of more than two years of age has a free luggage allowance. Generally this limit is 20 kg for economy class and 30 kg for first class. Excess luggage must be paid for, except for some articles that can be carried free of charge.
Watch the electric sign flashes when you are on board. When the “Fasten the belts” goes on , do it promptly and also obey the “No Smoking” signal.
Don’t forget your personal effects when leaving the plane. Landing formalities and customs regulations are more or less the same countries.
Being on the board of the plane the passengers have arrival cards to fill in. After the passenger has disembarked, officials will check his passport and visa. In some countries they will check the certificate of vacation. When these formalities have been completed the passenger goes to the Customs for an examination of his luggage. As a rule personal belongings may be brought in duty‑free. If the traveller has nothing to declare he may just go through the “green” section of the Customs. In some cases the Customs inspector may ask you to open your bags for inspection. It sometimes happens that a passenger’s luggage carefully gone through in order to prevent smuggling. After you are through with all customs formalities the inspector will put a stamp on each piece of luggage or chalk it off.
But very often you can get air‑sick on board of a plane, so it is better to go by plane. Besides many of us prefer trains more than other kinds of travelling, because it has its advantages too. With the train you have speed, comfort, pleasure combined. From the seat of railway carriage you have a splendid view of the whole countryside. If you are hungry, you can have a meal in the dining‑car, and if the journey is a long one you can have a wonderful bed in a sleeper. But travelling by train takes a lot of time. So many people can’t afford it.
Travelling by sea is popular for pleasure trips. And for many people there is no travel so fine as by boat. It is so wonderful to feel the deck of the boat under your feet, to see the rise and fall of the waves, to feel the fresh sea wind blowing in your face and to hear the cry of the sea‑gulls. But remember, when you travel by sea, be sure to book your passage in advance. Besides when the sea is rough, travelling by sea is not enjoyable. If you are sea‑sick, you’d better take some medicine.
Many people, particularly with children, prefer travelling by car. It is more convenient, because it is not necessary to book the tickets, to carry heavy suitcases. You can stop where you like and enjoy oneself.
For some people it is better to go hiking or ride by bike. They’d be happy to stay out of town, camping, hiking, fishing or spending time in the country. Somewhere out of the way. Because, first of all, there is nothing like the Russian country‑side. I feel the great satisfaction watching our nature, in these moments a full harmony penetrates to my soul. Russian forests show us the rainbow of colours and these bright colours always inspire good emotions and good mood. Can you find the better place where you can see the hares, the squirrels, the deer in the forests or the young birds in their nests. These forests walks teach us to love the life and to love our environment. I think that the rest‑homes, sanatoriums and tourist camps can’t suggest you this. They attract a lot of people, who always bother us to see the real nature. But if I want to go in the company of people, I always I always travel with my friends.
The most enjoyable tour for me was my visit to Velikiy Ustyug last year. We went there by train. The whole night when we went there I was listening to the knock of the wheels. The day we arrived was very frosty. But it wasn’t matter for us. We visited a lot of museums, churches, cathedrals with a lot of masterpieces, but the whole day my thoughts were full of expectations of visiting the main thing of the programme- the house of DED MOROZ . It was unforgettable. The house is in old Russian style, there live deer, wolves, rabbits and foxes. We had a lot of fun. We drank tea and talked a lot, had a great number of amusements. At very night we had a bus‑tour along the streets of the town. Velikiy Ustyug isn’t very big, but very cultured, bright, people are kind and hospitable.
There are travellings for business, when it is necessary for your work. It is good for a person, because doing his own business, he can have an excursion to the place where he is. Travellings for pleasure are the best spending of your free time. There are well‑visited and bed‑visited places. First of all a person tries to go to well‑known places, even if he listened about it for some times, but travelling is such a thing that you can’t stop and a person who visited different famous places, tries to be everywhere - even in small towns which are famous for something not important for what. There are a lot of firms which help us to make a decision where to go. Now we have more opportunities to travel than before - we can stop our eyes on every place of the globe and soon be there.